flooded houseRecently, national news has been inundated with stories about storms that create massive flooding; causing major damage or destroying houses in the path of the powerful water.

Most of these incidences happen near coastal communities, but the reality is: even if you live near any body of water, there is always the possibility of flooding. Most likely though, water damage to your home will come from a broken water pipe.

Some things to consider when you are faced with a water disaster:

Electrical currents can be lethal when conducted through water. It’s best to turn off the electricity at the circuit breakers that service the power near the leak. If water is affecting the entire house, contact your utility company to have it turned off and possibly remove the meter before you enter your home to inspect the damage.shut off valves

If the water damage is not from area-wide flooding then find the shut-off valve to the source of the water leak, or find the main shut-off valve for water to your home and turn it off. If you do not know where that is, the next time you have a plumber in for a service call, ask them to show you. Most handymen should be able to locate it for you as well.

In any event, you want to stop or slow the water from a leaking pipe or water line to minimize as much damage as possible. Water damage is something that can affect you for a long time. The water may have been removed from the house, but once it seeps into wood or drywall, mold and mildew start growing almost immediately.

Next, call your insurance company to get them on board with what the damage is or could be. This is when having a record of your valuables (photos and lists) can be your best friend. Also take pictures of the damage you see. This will help move your claim along. Most insurance companies do cover damage from leaking pipes or lines but not from a natural flood. There is flood insurance available and recommended if you do live near water.

If you have a water pump or shop wet/dry vac, you may want to try to remove any standing water as best you can. Remove any furniture, rugs, etc. and survey the damage to those items; are they salvageable or not?

Open all windows to help the drying out process. If you determine that there is water in the walls, punch out a hole to let that water out. Water-damaged drywall will have to be replaced anyway.

water damage insideIf you are unable to remove any water yourself, or after you have gotten the water out, a restoration company should be called. They have the equipment and knowledge to remediate the damage. They usually have an army of contractors who can restore your home back to a livable space. They will immediately send out an estimator to survey the damage and give you a ball-park figure for restoration.

Recovering from a water damaged home or business can take a long time, so be prepared to (temporarily) live in another place until the damage of mold and mildew is gone.

Of course an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, said Ben Franklin. If you have older plumbing, and it has a nuisance small leak, don’t wait to get it fixed. That leak will grow and possibly blow into a full-fledged water line break and flood your home. Water is powerful; its force is much greater than most people realize.

The Big Uh-oh

broken sewer linesMaybe it’s the sewer line giving off that smell?

Your nose “knows”. You can be sitting at home and you will suddenly wrinkle your nose, trying to figure out what that smell is. (And we don’t mean good smell).

The sewer line for your home is buried under your yard, usually about 4’ deep or more. (It needs to be about a foot under the frost line). So if you are smelling sewage in your yard, it has probably been broken for a while.

Here are a couple of indicators of a sewer pipe leak:

Your drains continually clogged or easily clogged. Everyone gets clogged drains from hair or other debris; but if several drains get clogged all at once, there may be a larger issue afoot. Your sewer line could be clogged deeply down the line because of a break where dirt and debris have settled.

Your yard is soggy, but you have not watered much. If there is a leak, or the pipe is broken, the liquid will seep upwards to the yard, creating a soft spot.

Yucky smells

If you do have a drain clog somewhere, it could cause a smell in your bathroom or kitchen. If the strong smell is all over the house or outside, it may be time to call a plumber. Tree roots are the most likely culprit; but the problem needs to be addressed ASAP! You don’t want that debris from a broken sewer line backing up into your kitchen or bathroom.

Another possibility is a sewer vent blockage. The vent is usually on your roof in line with your toilets. If it does not have a cover leaves could clog it. There have been instances where birds will build a nest, or rodents make a home. So you should inspect the vent, or have a plumber inspect it.

In any event: don’t wait for something catastrophic to happen; get to the bottom of that smell soon!

Multiple Shower Heads: Yea or Nay?

The latest trend in bathroom renovations, or even new building is multiple shower multiple shower headsheads. There are many to choose from: round stationary to overhead-square. From dual shower heads at multiple angles and possibly a hand held feature.

While you may feel like you are king of the hill with an expanded shower experience, will your wallet agree with you? For the most part, it is much more expensive to install.

Things to consider:

  • The larger the shower head, the lower water pressure, unless you re-plumb to allow more water to flow through
  • Make sure you have enough space in your shower area to accommodate two or more shower heads. If the space isn’t large enough, you run the risk of over spray on your bathroom floor
  • Multiple shower heads means more water will be used
    The hot water will get used up faster; you may want to install a water heater that is dedicated to the shower
  • Depending on the type of fixture, you may need to install a separate mixing valve for each shower head
  • Many multi-shower heads come with digital displays; and that will be much more costly to install and expensive to repair
  • Smaller bathrooms cannot accommodate multiple shower heads; you may have to consider a complete bathroom remodel

Tool School

A small plumbing issue may pop up from time to time. Some just want to turn every repair over to a plumber; but some may want to tackle the problem themselves. Even if you are not a DIY-er; here are a few basic tools you should have on hand…just in case.

Most tool boxes (or in some cases junk drawers) have some pretty basic tools: hammer, flat head screw driver, Philips screw driver, wrench, pliers, and maybe an Allen wrench junk drawer(especially if you shop at Ikea). Maybe you also have an old butter knife you have dedicated to the tool box for scraping or screwing things.

Here are a few new tools we suggest to add to the basics that you may need for a small plumbing repair:

  • Locking pliers. Many times you need something to hold a pipe or line in place while you work on another area.
  • Strap Wrench. If you want to change out a shower head, a strap wrench is the toolstrap wrrench you want, to prevent any scratches or damage to your fixture. Also, it’s like a tight rubberized grip to remove a fitting.
  • Needle nose pliers. Great for tight spaces.
  • Basin wrench. A must if you are working under a sink. It’s long and narrow and provides the grip you need.
  • Plumber’s putty. This pliable material will provide a water resistant seal around joints that are not under pressure. Be sure to read the instructions on the container.
  • Plumbers tape. Prevents leaks when you are replacing faucet supply lines, shower heads, etc.
  • Caulk & caulking gun – has many uses!
    box cutter
  • Of course we can’t omit a box cutter; it can help cut through old caulking, and break down your cardboard boxes. Use with care.

    These are some pretty common tools that you will be glad you have on hand.

Rolling the Dice With Older Water Lines

rusty water linePlastic or copper is generally used in home building these days. In the past, it was galvanized or metal. Newer homes usually have PEX or copper waterlines inside and out and are generally safe from breakage.  But, it is also possible to have plastic PEX or copper pipe for indoor plumbing, and have galvanized steel as the line that feeds your house from the road.  Here are some important reasons to consider replacing your old galvanized steel water line:

Rust. Rust builds up inside metal water lines. If you leave something metal outside, it gets wet and rust eventually begins to form. The same thing happens inside your water line. Believe it or not, you are drinking small amounts of this rust every time you drink a glass of water. That is pretty gross, right? It is probably not very healthy.

Decreased volume. Does the water coming out of your tap seem to be weak?  As rust and other minerals build up inside your water line, it narrows the inside diameter of your pipe. This doesn’t affect your water pressure, but it does affect your water volume. (Pressure is how fast the water comes out of your faucet; volume is how much water comes out of your faucet). One example of good pressure / bad volume is: when you are clogged water lineshowering and somebody flushes a toilet. The water volume coming out of your shower head decreases and you have to wait until the toilet fills back up. This is generally happens with galvanized steel water lines. Your pressure is great but you can’t run more than a couple faucets at once. Replacing your old rusted line with a new plastic line, increases the volume significantly. No more unexpected surprises when in the shower!

Rolling the dice with older pipes. If your water line is old, there is a greater chance of springing a leak. In the long run the cost of replacing your waterline beats repairing it; as one leak will lead to another, and so on. Lessen the inevitable by replacing the old line.

No muss, no fuss. Replacing the water line is less of a hassle than you think. That is if you use a licensed plumber! No need to dig up your lawn or break up the driveway: a good plumber knows how to use the existing hole to replace the waterline.  The only spot that could need digging is near the road, and that should be a small hole.

Just like dominoes, once rust and minerals build up (in steel lines), it will affect your faucets and other fixtures. This build up will actually corrode the fixtures. If you are on a well, this is one issue you need to consider. Most wells contain hard water and the build up can be rapid.

We hope this helps you decide if it’s time to replace that water line.  An internet search, word of mouth or yellow pages can point you in the right direction to a licensed plumber.  Be sure to ask if you are a candidate for a trench-less installation. Give yourself peace of mind and increase the value of your home with this improvement.

Does Your Business Need a Boiler or a Water Heater?

First, the size of your business will dictate what will serve you best. If you have a small office or building, one or two water heaters may be all you need. Think about how the hot water will be used; if you have a shop (such as plumbing) where most employees are out all day long, having a boiler or huge water heater would not be economical.

But if you have a hotel, school, department store, grocery store, etc., installing a boiler may very well be the option that is best. Boilers also come in various sizes. Of course a hotel, school or big building may want something quite large that can handle heavy usage.

While water heaters typically come in the 40 to 80 gallon capacity, but there are some 120 gallons (or even 20 gallons for a small space) on the market. Water heaters are actually storage tanks for hot water, distributing the hot water when tapped. The constant heating of the water to keep it warm can be quite costly, but the cost of running a boiler might be substantially more.

A boiler, in plain terms, is a box filled with copper tubing that heats water rapidly. It requires pumps and special controls, much more complicated than a water heater; but it can deliver large amounts of hot water on demand. Plus, the constant hot water from the boilers could be called for double duty as it can be used to heat your home. The hot water can also heat the air through the furnace or radiant flooring.

Modern boilers are very energy efficient.

Very high recovery water heaters can do these things, too, but they have so many flues inside to transfer heat that they begin to resemble boilers. And then there is the cost to be considered ($$$)

But back to boilers: they will deliver hot water almost instantly, or “on demand”. These require a lot of up-front costs such as adding electrical power sources and varied venting. Boilers do have another plus: they will add some humidity to the home or building. In the arid Central Oregon climate, this could be welcome.

But again, having a regular water heater might be the right fit for you. Contact your local plumber to assess your situation and advise you on what would be the best option for your business.

Little Known Oregon

weird oregon 1(Sometimes we like to spread our wings from plumbing!)

Most of us are aware that Oregon has the only flag that has two separate designs on its’ sides: a beaver on one side and the state emblem on the other.

We are also aware that along with New Jersey, we are the only state that does not have self-serve gas stations (for now) and Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the U.S.

But there are many more interesting facts about Oregon that you may not know:

  1. Oregon has more ghost towns that any other state.
  2. Eugene was the first city to have one way streets.
  3. Pilot Butte, a cinder cone volcano is completely within the City of Bend limits.
  4. Hells Canyon, at 8,000 feet deep is the deepest river gorge in North America. (Yes, we know Hell’s Canyon is shared with Idaho & Washington)
  5. Oregon’s birthday is also Valentine’s Day, February 14th (we love it!)
  6. The state parks contain 159 yurts in 19 parks. Yurts are a circular domed tent that are quite popular for camping.
  7. The nation’s most photographed lighthouse is the Heceta Head Lighthouse located in Lane County.
  8. In 1880 a sea cave was discovered near what is now known as Florence. Sea Lion Caves is known to be the largest sea cave in the world.
  9. The Tillamook Naval Air Museum is housed in the world’s largest wooden clear-span building.
  10. A treaty between the United States and Spain established the current southern border between Oregon and California. The treaty was signed in 1819.
  11. Rainier, Oregon is home to the largest captive sloth population in the world.
  12. In Cave Junction, you can spend your vacation in a tree house. You can also learn to build a tree house while there!
  13. Oregon can boast the world’s smallest park (Mills End Park, 2 feet wide) that is home also the largest leprechaun colony west of Ireland. (That last part is probably tongue in cheek!)
  14. In Jacksonville, OR you can find a “Sasquatch Trap” (a 10’ x 10’ wooden box) that was built in 1974 on the Collins Mountain Trail. Sasquatch or Big Foot sightings have been recorded as far back as the 19th century.
  15. Portland was the home to the 24-hour Church of Elvis. Now permanently closed, it used to house a cornucopia of unusual things; most people would normally throw them out but the proprietors of the Church of Elvis could not bear to do so. It was considered an art form that can now only be found online. Only in Portland.